Click for Coverage
Due to the EU’s Global Data Protection Regulation, our website is currently unavailable to visitors from most European countries. We apologize for this inconvenience and encourage you to visit for the latest on new cars, car reviews and news, concept cars and auto show coverage, awards and much more.MOTORTREND.COM
  • JP Magazine
  • Dirt Sports + Off-Road
  • 4-Wheel & Off-Road
  • Four Wheeler

Homebuilt Jeep Hybrid - 1993 Jeep Wrangler YJ

Posted in Features on March 1, 2013
Share this

Kris Wix wasn’t always a wheeler. “I grew up in the mountains of Truckee, California,” he says, “and we get a lot of snow in the winter. I was used to driving 4x4s, but seven years ago I couldn’t even get a pitman arm off a steering box.”

Since that time Kris has jumped in with both feet, turning what was once daily transportation into a dedicated trail slayer. He is the second owner of his ’93 YJ, having driven it throughout his college years with his girlfriend. The two have since married and started a family, and just as their lives have changed so has the YJ. Kris bought a tube bender, a notcher, and Bend Tech software, and with the help of his friend Jeremy Winters he built a grille hoop and a full rollcage. “I could have paid someone to build me a cage,” says Kris, “but instead I invested the money in a tube bender.”

Under the hood the tired 4.0L is surrounded by tubing, the Fox Shox remote reservoirs, and a PSC steering pump and aluminum reservoir. “It doesn’t make enough power to get me in trouble,” says Kris Wix.
I could have paid someone to build me a cage, but instead I spent that money on a tube bender

Unimog 404 portal axles were added front and rear, with factory air lockers and 7.56 gear reduction between the ring-and-pinion and portal boxes. The axles required a host of other modifications in order to fit under the Jeep, starting with pinion conversions and disc brake upgrades from Exaxt and continuing on to details like a Dodge master cylinder and an RCI fuel cell fitted with the stock YJ fuel pump. Kris also converted his suspension to coilovers and links at the same time, and stretched the wheelbase to 114 inches.

Steering 404 Unimog axles are used at each end of the Jeep. “I had enough spare front parts that I figured I would just add rear steer,” Kris explains. Conventional steering would require the track bar to go from the driver side of the frame to the passenger side of the axle, but the full hydraulic steering allowed him to reverse that arrangement and better package the suspension.

His previous daily driver Jeep was under house arrest for several months as he tore it down to perform these modifications in the evenings after work. The maiden voyage was in Johnson Valley right before the 2009 King of the Hammers. Kris recalls, “I broke the track bar off the axle at the top of Sledgehammer and almost didn’t get it off the course before the race began!” He has since worked out all of the bugs and has been enjoying the hardest trails he can find ever since.

PhotosView Slideshow

Tech Specs
1993 Jeep Wrangler YJ
Engine: 4.0L I-6
Transmission: AW4 4-speed automatic
Transfer case: Advance Adapters Atlas II
Front Axle: Unimog 404, factory air lockers, 7.56 gears (3.54 diff and 2.13 hub)
Rear Axle: Unimog 404, factory air lockers, 7.56 gears (3.54 diff and 2.13 hub)

Springs & Such: 14-inch-travel Fox 2.0 coilovers w/ 250 over 350 in-lb Eibach springs (front),16-inch-travel Fox 2.0 coilovers with 200 over 300 in-lb Eibach springs (rear), and Fox air bumps
Tires & Wheels: 14/42-17LT Super Swamper Iroks on 17-inch Hummer H2 rims
Steering: Full hydraulic with PSC double-ended ram
Other Stuff: Rear steer, owner-built custom cage, Warn winch, Viair compressor and tank, Exaxt disc brake conversion, GenRight front tube fenders

Connect With Us

Newsletter Sign Up

Subscribe to the Magazine

Browse Articles By Vehicle

See Results