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June 2009 4x4 Truck Repair & Tech Questions - Techline

Willie Worthy | Writer
Posted June 1, 2009

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Techline Four Wheeler
6420 Wilshire Blvd.
Los Angeles, CA 90048.

All letters become the property of Four Wheeler, and we reserve the right to edit them for length, accuracy, and clarity. The editorial department also can be reached through the Web site at www.four Due to the volume of mail, electronic and otherwise, we cannot respond to every reader, but we do read everything.

Wants 20 Inches And Rockwells For Bronco
Question: I have an '87 Ford Bronco (the big one). There's only a 6-inch lift on it now, but sooner rather than later I'm gonna fab up a custom 20-inch lift (or so) and have 46-inch-or-larger tires. I want to go big and bad on some new axles and I need a little input. I hear all the time about guys installing the Rockwell axles on the 4x4s, but I never get enough information on the subject. Here's what I came up with: I want front and rear 2 -ton Rockwells with four-wheel steer (hydraulic assist, I guess). Does this sound anyway possible or sane?
Jon Henning
Salisbury, NC

Answer: While I was not able to come up with a Rockwell/Ford conversion the first place you should look is our own website ( Run a search of our archives, and you'll find some good Rockwell tech data, as Ken Brubaker offers a lot of straightforward information on these axles. Same goes for our sister publication Jp ( Just keep in mind that your project will be expensive, take a lot of time and lots of custom fabrication.

How To Turn A 4-Inch Lift Into Six
Question: I've been studying and reading up on suspension systems and lift kits for a long time, but I can't figure this out, so I figured I'd ask someone who would know. I have a '99 TJ and have already installed a Skyjacker 2-inch coil spacer lift. When I install my 4-inch suspension lift, will it be possible to put the coil spacers on top of the new springs and make my 4-inch lift a 6-inch one?
Will Reaves
New Edinbrug, AR

Answer: Yes, you can include the 2-inch spacers with the 4-inch kit for a total of 6 inches of lift. However, it may not be without problems. You definitely will need to go with a slip-yoke eliminator kit, and you most likely will need longer shocks and/or shock brackets, longer sway bar links, longer bump stops, a different track bar or mounting bracket,a different pitman arm, rear shock relocation brackets, and perhaps a few more things.

I took a look at Skyjacker's website, and while they listed part numbers for the components in one of the 6-inch lift kits, they didn't list them for the 4-inch kits, so I was not able to compare component parts. It would be a good idea for you to give the tech department at Skyjacker a call (318/388-0816) before you install the 2-inch spacers.

Keep in mind that Skyjacker's 6-inch kit uses heavier control arms and relocates them from the original position. Otherwise, the angle that they would operate at would be quite steep and result in increased load to the mounting points, as well as what I would describe as "really bad ride quality" due to the fact that the front axle would have to move forward before it starts any upward movement. (If you have noticed, the Jeep engineers placed the control arms almost parallel to the ground.) Any suspension lift will cause a downward angle of the control arms, and the greater the lift, the greater the angle, and hence poorer ride quality.

WJ Grand Cherokee Engine Fire Concerns
Question: I have a '99 Jeep Grand Cherokee. A friend said that he read an article in a four-year-old Consumer Reports magazine about Jeep Grand Cherokees catching fire under the hood. Is this something that I should be worried about?
Joe Reardon
Los Angeles, CA

Answer: Only if your Grand Cherokee has the 4.0L six-cylinder and not the V8. Yes, there was a recallas covered in Safety Recall # B06. It seems that a bunch of Jeeps that used the 4.0L motor escaped from the factory without a special debris shield in place. This affectedsome--but not all--1999-to-2002 WJ Grand Cherokees, 2000-01 XJ Cherokees, and 2000-02 Wranglers.

If your vehicle has the letter "S" in the 8th position of the VIN, then you should take your Cherokee to a Jeep dealer and have him check to see if the shield is in place. If not, have him order and install the Debris Shield Package number 6BVCB060.

TH400 Swap For Cracked 700R4?
Question: I have an '85 Chevy -ton 4x4 with the 700R4 automatic in it, and the tranny case is cracked. I'm just wondering if a Turbo 350 or 400 will fit in the same place as the 700R4, mount-wise and lengthwise, to mate with the transfer case and driveshafts?
Richard Petersen

Answer: That is an easy one to answer in just one word: No.All three transmissions are different lengths; the TH 350 is 21.5 inches, the 400 is 24.25 inches, and the 700R4 is 23.376 inches long. They have different mounting locations and take a different adapter to your NP 208 transfer case. The 400 has a different output-spline count at 32, versus the 700R4's 27-spline count. They also have two different output shaft lengths. While I believe the output splines on the 350 are the same as the 700R4, there are some length problems. Advance Adapters sells a special kit (p/n 50-7100) that includes a new adapter, output shaft, kickdown cable, and special dipstick tube. This will allow you to use the same driveshafts.

However, I think that you would be better off finding a new case for your 700R4 and having it rebuilt. This would be my choice of transmission for your truck because it features not only a lower First gear but an Overdrive to improve fuel mileage on the highway. The early ones got a bad rap, which seems to still stick with them, but with the latest pieces and parts, it can withstand any punishment you can put to it.

Now about the case breaking--this usually happens when someone has been "jumping the truck." There are braces that extend from the motor to the lower part of the cast-aluminum dust cover on the front of the transmission. It's pretty common for these to be missing, especially if the motor has been replaced. It's important that these braces be in place to prevent the case from breaking as yours has.

Proper TJ Towing Techniques
Question: What is the proper method to tow my four-cylinder, standard-transmission Jeep TJ? I believe it has a 231 transfer case.
Steve Schardt

Answer: The rear driveline turns the internal pump in the transfer case and lubricates the sprockets and gears. Leaving the transmission in gear helps protect it by not letting the gears rotate. If they rotated, they would tend to seize the gears to the shaft due to lack of lubrication. I know you're going to say, "But the gears turn when the vehicle is being driven." Yes, that is right, but when it is being driven, all the gears are turning. When being towed, only a few gears are turning, and these don't provide enough movement of the gear lube to all the gears for full lubrication.

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