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Jeep Speak List: Model Designations Revealed

1967 Jeepster Commando
Rick Péwé
| Four Wheeler Network Content Director
Posted September 1, 1998
Contributors: Tori Tellem

Real Trail Talk

AMC: American Motors Company, which bought Kaiser-Jeep in 1970 and produced Jeeps.

Camp Jeep: Weekend get-together for Jeep owners, their families, and their Jeeps.

Cherokee: Nameplate primarily applied to two-door Wagoneers starting in 1974, and then applied to downsized Cherokees from 1984 on.

Chrysler Corp.: The company that purchased AMC primarily for its Jeep product line in 1986.

CJ: Civilian Jeep.

CJ-2A: Produced from 1945 to 1949, this was the first civilian Jeep.

CJ-3A: Produced from 1948 to 1953, this was the second-generation civilian Jeep.

CJ-3B: Produced from 1952 to 1968, this was known as a high hood flatfender due to the high hood, which made room for the Hurricane engine.

CJ-4: You'll probably never see or hear about this 1951 cross between a CJ-3A and a CJ-5, so don't worry about it.

CJ-5: Produced from 1954 to 1983, this is the standard round-fender Jeep most people know.

CJ-6: Produced from 1955 to 1981, this was basically a stretched CJ-5.

CJ-7: Produced from 1976 to 1986, this was a stretched CJ-5 with wider door openings.

CJ-8: Produced from 1981 to 1986, this was basically a CJ-7 with a long rear-body overhang. It's called a Scrambler.

CJ-10: Produced in the late '80s primarily for military export and domestic commercial industries, it looks much like a cross between a J-series truck and a CJ-8.

Commanche: Produced from 1984 to 1986, this is a two- or four-wheel-drive small pickup built on the XJ Cherokee platform.

Commando: Produced in 1972 and 1973, this last attempt at a car-type Jeep was an outgrowth of the original Jeepster.

Crackerbox: Slang for Willys wagons produced from 1949 through 1965, since they look like old crackerboxes. The name also applies to the pickups as crackerbox trucks.

Dauntless: Engine name and designation for the Buick V-6 and V-8 engines used in Jeeps from 1966 through 1971.

DJ: Dispatcher Jeep, or two-wheel-drive version of a CJ in any of the numerical designations.

Elvis: '97 Jeep TJ modified by the staff at 4-Wheel & Off-Road. You wouldn't believe us if we told you how it got its name.

FC: Forward Control, as in FC-150 and FC-170. Produced from 1957 to 1965, these cab-over pickups look like the famous Tonka toys.

F-Head: Engine design with the intake valves in the head and the exhaust valves in the block. This is the Hurricane engine that was produced from 1952 to 1971.

Flatfender: The original Jeep from WWII and later civilian production. Named for the flat front fenders; also known as a flattie.

Flathead: Engine design with both exhaust and intake valves located in the block; also known as an L-head.

Gladiator: Name of the pickup produced from 1962 to 1971. Although the name was dropped, production of the trucks continued through 1987. These were also known as J-series trucks and SJ-series trucks.

Go-Devil: Jeep four-cylinder flathead engine, which was the standard engine from 1940 to 1952.

GPW: Designation of the Ford-produced WWII Jeep. The G stands for Government, the P for 80-inch wheelbase, and the W for the Willys design.

Grand Cherokee: Produced from 1993 to present, this luxo sport-ute draws upon years of Jeep experience and heritage to be the winner of more awards than any other vehicle.

High Hood: See CJ-3B.

Hurricane: F-head engine that replaced the Go-Devil and produced 72 horses rather than the earlier mill's 63.

Jeep: Registered trademark of the Chrysler Corporation. Originally a slang term for an unproven person or vehicle in the military and also the name of a cartoon character in the '30s.

J.E.E.P.: Just Empty Every Pocket.

Jeepin': The act of four-wheeling in a Jeep.

Jeep Jamboree: Organized four-wheeling event for Jeep owners produced by Mark A. Smith Enterprises.

Jeepster: Produced from 1947 to 1950, this was a two-wheel-drive convertible sports-car-type vehicle.

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