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1986 Chevrolet K30 Army Truck - Part 1: Atlas & 4L85E Swap

Posted in Project Vehicles on April 28, 2014 Comment (0)
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1986 Chevrolet K30 Army Truck - Part 1: Atlas & 4L85E Swap

We built our Alabama Army Truck last summer as a high-horsepower, big-torque mud slayer and trail basher. But this Chevy also sees highway duty and everyday work chores, like hauling hay, trash, and goats. We have every intention of doing more road trips in it like when we drove it from Alabama to California (“Alabama Army Truck,” part 3, Feb. ’14) as well as finding more rock trails to scrape the big truck over, and to do both of these we are going to multiply its gearing options with help from Gearstar Performance Transmissions and Advance adapters.

“If you want TH400 strength but one more gear to drop engine rpm, consider a Gearstar 4L80E”

The stock TH400 automatic is one tough cookie. You’ll find a built TH400 in almost every big-power desert race truck and many performance rockcrawlers, but one downside of the TH400 is the lack of an overdrive gear. If you want TH400 strength but one more gear to drop engine rpm for highway cruising (and hopefully to raise fuel economy at the same time), then you should consider a 4L80E four-speed automatic for your GM-powered wheeling rig. Of course, there are even newer six-speed automatics coming fast to the aftermarket, but this truck will be just fine with the single 0.75 overdrive of the 4L80E. Unlike the TH400, the 4L80E is a computer-controlled automatic, but we will show you more of that in a future issue.

<strong>1.</strong> The TH400 in our Alabama Army Truck was starting to slip, likely due to the 550hp LSA crate engine under the hood and our uncontrollable urge to do burnouts with 38-inch rubber. Though fun, this type of abuse isn’t good for a transmission, and ours was the original from behind the 6.2L diesel, so it wasn’t exactly robust. We headed to Pacific Fabrication in Gilroy, California, to remedy our situation. 1. The TH400 in our Alabama Army Truck was starting to slip, likely due to the 550hp LSA crate engine under the hood and our uncontrollable urge to do burnouts with 38-inch rubber. Though fun, this type of abuse isn’t good for a transmission, and ours was the original from behind the 6.2L diesel, so it wasn’t exactly robust. We headed to Pacific Fabrication in Gilroy, California, to remedy our situation.

Behind the new Gearstar Level-4 4L80E automatic we wanted to upgrade the transfer case for more low-range gearing. The stock NP208 transfer case isn’t bad with a 2.61:1 low range, and it is lightweight with a chain-based construction inside an aluminum case with a front planetary gear reduction. However, this transfer case has a slip-yoke rear, and we wanted a lower low range and the ability to access low range via front, rear, or both axles for added off-road performance. We considered the 203/205 doubler set up like Harry Wagner showcased this month in the story that follows this one, but the Alabama Army truck performs well with its light aluminum engine, so we opted to go with an Atlas two-speed transfer case with a dry weight of 110 pounds.

We chose a middle-of-the-road 3.8:1 low range transfer case gear set. When multiplied by the Gearstar’s 2.48 First gear, and given the 4.56 axle ratios, this gives us a respectable 42.97:1 crawl ratio. Considering the 550 lb-ft under the hood from our supercharged 6.2L and the fact that the truck is built around 37- to 38-inch tires, we should be in a good spot for gearing off-road.

<strong>2.</strong> When we drained the old transmission fluid we found it black and burnt. We are currently running dual trans coolers, one built into the radiator and the other mounted in the bed. We plan on deleting the radiator cooler but adding a second front cooler to the truck for additional heat dissipation. 2. When we drained the old transmission fluid we found it black and burnt. We are currently running dual trans coolers, one built into the radiator and the other mounted in the bed. We plan on deleting the radiator cooler but adding a second front cooler to the truck for additional heat dissipation.
<strong>3.</strong> The old NP208 chain-driven transfer case isn’t terrible, but we opted for something better. The rear driveshaft has a slip yoke, and the front CV shaft will not work with our new longer transmission. All these parts were sent down the road. 3. The old NP208 chain-driven transfer case isn’t terrible, but we opted for something better. The rear driveshaft has a slip yoke, and the front CV shaft will not work with our new longer transmission. All these parts were sent down the road.
<strong>4.</strong> For some reason we don’t mind dirt, body damage, or dents on our trail rigs, but when we see beautiful new parts like the Gearstar 4L80E Level 4 transmission and the Atlas 2 transfer case sitting on the bench we suffer a twinge of grief knowing they will eventually be caked with dirt from off-road antics. 4. For some reason we don’t mind dirt, body damage, or dents on our trail rigs, but when we see beautiful new parts like the Gearstar 4L80E Level 4 transmission and the Atlas 2 transfer case sitting on the bench we suffer a twinge of grief knowing they will eventually be caked with dirt from off-road antics.
<strong>5.</strong> The new trans is packed with Raybestos frictions, a Transgore programing kit, new bearings, bushings, and internal wiring harness. The transmission is built with all new solenoids and 300M main shafts and forward clutches. Gearstar rates the 4L80E at 800 hp and 700 lb-ft of torque but also offers upgraded versions known as a 4L85E for up to 1,200 hp and 1,000 lb-ft. 5. The new trans is packed with Raybestos frictions, a Transgore programing kit, new bearings, bushings, and internal wiring harness. The transmission is built with all new solenoids and 300M main shafts and forward clutches. Gearstar rates the 4L80E at 800 hp and 700 lb-ft of torque but also offers upgraded versions known as a 4L85E for up to 1,200 hp and 1,000 lb-ft.
<strong>6.</strong> The Pacific Fab team stuffed the new 4L80 in the Army Truck with the use of a transmission jack. If you are considering a transmission swap at home, we recommend a quality jack, and extralong socket extensions to access the bellhousing bolts. 6. The Pacific Fab team stuffed the new 4L80 in the Army Truck with the use of a transmission jack. If you are considering a transmission swap at home, we recommend a quality jack, and extralong socket extensions to access the bellhousing bolts.
<strong>7.</strong> The transmission pan is a custom-built steel version with integrated cooling tubes. The pan is deeper than stock for added fluid. The steel construction was chosen to better defend against impacts off-road. 7. The transmission pan is a custom-built steel version with integrated cooling tubes. The pan is deeper than stock for added fluid. The steel construction was chosen to better defend against impacts off-road.
<strong>8.</strong> The 4L80 was built with a fully splined two-wheel-drive output shaft; however, the transmission adapter we are using requires the shaft to be shortened until it is flush with the rear face. Though the shaft is hard, it is easily cut short with a portable band saw and the end beveled for easy assembly. 8. The 4L80 was built with a fully splined two-wheel-drive output shaft; however, the transmission adapter we are using requires the shaft to be shortened until it is flush with the rear face. Though the shaft is hard, it is easily cut short with a portable band saw and the end beveled for easy assembly.
<strong>9.</strong> The 4L80 came with a partial billet 11-inch lockup torque converter with a 2,600 stall. We are excited to use the higher-stall TC from our previous 1800-2000 and feel confident that the six-bolt converter will be more than sufficient for our application. 9. The 4L80 came with a partial billet 11-inch lockup torque converter with a 2,600 stall. We are excited to use the higher-stall TC from our previous 1800-2000 and feel confident that the six-bolt converter will be more than sufficient for our application.
<strong>10.</strong> We stuffed the Atlas 2 transfer case on the back of the transmission adapter in order to get the clocking just right. There are a multitude of clocking options to help keep the transfer case from hanging too low or hitting the floor of the cab, and to keep the driveshaft angles clear and the shifters within easy reach. Then we added the supplied mounting studs to the Atlas by running two nuts together and tightening the stud into the case. 10. We stuffed the Atlas 2 transfer case on the back of the transmission adapter in order to get the clocking just right. There are a multitude of clocking options to help keep the transfer case from hanging too low or hitting the floor of the cab, and to keep the driveshaft angles clear and the shifters within easy reach. Then we added the supplied mounting studs to the Atlas by running two nuts together and tightening the stud into the case.
<strong>11.</strong> We installed the supplied sight tube and shifter pieces on the Atlas and then flipped it over on the bench to add oil. The transfer case takes about 2 quarts of Amsoil synthetic 75W-90. 11. We installed the supplied sight tube and shifter pieces on the Atlas and then flipped it over on the bench to add oil. The transfer case takes about 2 quarts of Amsoil synthetic 75W-90.
<strong>12.</strong> The team at Pacific Fab had our old TH400 and NP208 out and the new Gearstar 4L80E and Atlas 2 in without drama, but there is still more work to do. Next time we’ll tackle driveshafts, plumbing, cooling, shifting, wiring, mounting, and protecting our new higher and lower gears. 12. The team at Pacific Fab had our old TH400 and NP208 out and the new Gearstar 4L80E and Atlas 2 in without drama, but there is still more work to do. Next time we’ll tackle driveshafts, plumbing, cooling, shifting, wiring, mounting, and protecting our new higher and lower gears.

Sources

Gearstar Performance Transmissions
Akron, 44308
330-434-5216
www.gearstar.net
Pacific Fabrication
Morgan Hill, CA 95037
408-250-1772
www.pacificfab.net
AMSOIL
Superior, WI 54880
800-777-8491
www.amsoil.com
Advance Adapters
Paso Robles, CA 93446
800-350-2223
www.advanceadapters.com

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