Toyota Full-Floating Axle Install
Far be it from us to leave a good thing alone. Although the Toyota 8-inch rear has been serving diligently underneath Toyota pickups for more than 15 years, it can still fail when used beyond its parameters. Fortunately, there are a few options available to increase strength, ranging from stronger axleshafts to complete axle assembly swaps. Around the middle of that cost range is the full-floater shaft conversion.
Complete assembly swaps may appear as inexpensive on the surface, but can contain hidden costs. Such details as width, new spring mounts, brakes, and bolt-circle variances can quickly increase time and overall expense. For our money, we found a full-float kit and disc-brake conversion from Front Range Off Road Fabrication that gave us everything we needed at a reasonable cost.
A standard semifloating axle assembly layout consists of three primary components: the axleshafts, the differential with the ring-and-pinion gears, and the axlehousing. Each axleshaft has a flange on the end where the brake drum and wheel bolt up. The other ends are splined and insert into each side of the differential. The axle rotates on a bearing retained in the end of the axlehousing, and the axle itself supports the weight of the vehicle and transmits torque to the wheels. The full-floater axle design gets its strength by isolating the axleshaft from the housing with a spindle and hub, just like the front axle, to support the weight of the vehicle. The axle simply passes through the spindle to transmit torque to the wheels and is connected to the hub by a locking hub or drive flange.
Overall strength is just one of the fruits of labor for this easy install. Should you break an axleshaft on the trail, the ability to remove the broken shaft and still make it home is like having a "Get out of jail free card" in your pocket. The key to this design is that the hub/bearing/spindle assembly is mounted to the axletube. This allows the wheel to operate as normal, regardless of the presence of an axleshaft. We took a weekend and some wrenches, and beefed our Toyota with a minimum amount of effort, and it was well worth the cost. Check out how our project progressed.